Characteristic

 

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

 

Jesus Christ

 \

 

Worship Others?

 

 

 

 

Worships no one. He is God!

 

 

The Father:

John 4:22; Mark 14:26; Hebrews 2:12.

Jesus worshiped God. God (the Father) doesn’t worship Himself. Jesus said, “You worship what you do not know; ‘we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews’” (John 4:22). The Apostle Mark wrote, “26 And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives” (Mark 14:26) [1]. Jesus said, “I will tell of your name to my brothers; in the midst of the congregation I will sing your praise” (Hebrews 2:12). Trinitarian translations (ESV, NKJV, NASB, etc.) purposefully didn’t place these problematic words of Jesus in red.

[1] This verse doesn’t explicitly state that this hymn was sung to God. A consideration of the other verses makes this likely.

 

Characteristic

 

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

 

Jesus Christ

 

 

Called “one” or “only God?”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deuteronomy 4:35, 39; 6:4; 32:39; 2 Samuel 7:22; 2 Samuel 22:32;1 Kings 8:60; 19:15; 1 Chronicles 17:20; Nehemiah 9:6; Psalm 18:31; Isaiah 37:20; 43:10; 44:8; 45:; 45:14; 45:18; 45:21; 46:9; Zechariah 14:9;

New Testament: Mark 10:18; 12:29; John 5:44; 17:3; Romans 3:30; 1 Corinthians 8:4-6; Galatians 3:20, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abundant verses establish the Father as the one and only God. No Bible verse includes Jesus and/or the Holy Spirit within the definition of one God. Strikingly, Jesus called the Father, “the only God” (John 5:44), “the one true God” (John 17:3), “God alone” (Mark 10:18), and “the Lord our God, the Lord is one” (Mark 12:29).

 

Characteristic

 

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

 

Jesus Christ

 

 

Has a God?

 

 

 

 

“I am God:”

Genesis 17:1, 35:11, 46:3, 10, 50:7; Isaiah 43:12, etc.


 

 

God the Father is “GOD” in the absolute sense throughout the entire Bible. Jesus was/is subordinate to God. He called God, “my Father and your Father, to my God and your God” (John 20:17). Paul called God, “Father of our Lord Jesus Christ” (Romans 15:6), “the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ” (2 Corinthians 1:3), and “the God and Father of the Lord Jesus” (2 Corinthians 11:31). Peter called God, “the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ!” (1 Peter 1:3). John the Apostle, speaking of Jesus said, “and made us a kingdom, priests to his God and Father” (Revelation 1:6). Jesus called the Father, “my God” (Revelation 3:12). Since Jesus, Paul, Peter and John believed that Jesus had a God, so should we.

 

Characteristic

 

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

 

Jesus Christ

 

 

Has a Father?

 

 

 

 

He is the Father


Has a Father:

Romans 15:6; 2 Corinthians 1:3, 11:31; Colossians 1:3; Ephesians 1:3; 1 Peter 1:3.

Because God is “GOD,” he doesn’t have a Father. Paul believed that Jesus had a Father who was God Himself: “the God and Father of our Lord Jesus” (Romans 15:6), “the God and Father of the Lord Jesus” (2 Corinthians 1:3), “The God and Father of the Lord Jesus” (11:31), “God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ” (Colossians 1:3), “the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ” (Ephesians 1:3). Peter believed this also, “the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ!” (1 Peter 1:3). Do you believe that Jesus has a Father who is God?

 

Characteristic

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

Jesus Christ

 

Is Begotten?

 

 

 

Never Begotten

Is a begotten God

John 1:1

God the Father is not begotten because He always existed. However, Jesus is. John 1:18 should say (ESV), “only begotten God,” but states, “the only God” (ESV). The word “only” in bold is a more friendly Trinitarian substitute for the words “only begotten.” The Greek manuscripts don’t contain the word “only” (μόνον), but the word “begotten” (μονογενής). The NKJV has, “only begotten Son” (with the word “God” in the margin). The Olive Tree Enhanced Strong’s Dictionary states for this word: “1. single of its kind, only used of only sons or daughters (viewed in relation to their parents) used of Christ, denotes the only begotten son of God” (accessed 10/2017).

 

Characteristic

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

Jesus Christ

 

Sits on the central throne?

 

 

 

 

Only the Father

At right hand of Father’s throne:

Psalms 110:1; Mark 16:19; Matthew 26:64; Romans 8:34; Ephesians 1:20; Colossians 3:1.

God sits on the central throne. This determination can be made because Jesus sits at the right hand of the Father’s throne. There are many verses that attest to this fact; some are listed above.

In Matthew 20:20, Jesus was approached by a mother desiring that her sons sit at the right and left of Jesus in His kingdom. Remarkably, Jesus goes on to state, “but to sit at my right hand and at my left is not mine to grant, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared by my Father” (23). Notably, the Father is greater than Jesus because He decides this matter and Jesus sits to the right of God’s central throne.

 

Characteristic

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

Jesus Christ

 

Was a prophet?

 

 

Deuteronomy 18:15, 17-19; Acts 3:22-23.

In Deuteronomy 18:15, God (Yahweh) “will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your brothers…” The Lord God here is not Jesus Christ. If Jesus is equal to the Father, why is God calling the shots?

In verse 18, God says, “And I will put my words in his mouth, and he [Jesus] shall speak to them all that I command him.” Again, why is God sovereign over Jesus? Trinitarians teach that the subordination of Jesus was only functional and ontological. But the Bible doesn’t state this anywhere. The doctrine of the Trinity is a man-made, 4th century Roman Catholic Church doctrine that elevates Jesus over His Father.

 

 

Characteristic

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

Jesus Christ

 

Has been promoted/exalted?

 

 

 God cannot be promoted.

Acts 2:33; Philippians 2:9; Hebrews 1:9; 2:7-9

Jesus Christ was exalted to His current position as Lord by God the Father. This exaltation springs from His obedience and sacrifice:

Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit…” (Acts 2:33).

And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross. 9 Therefore [because of what He did] God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name, 10 so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, 11 and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father” (Philippians 2:8-11).

This exaltation indicates that Jesus was not equal. It’s impossible to exalt someone to a position they already had.

 

Characteristic

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

Jesus Christ

 

Called Himself God?

 

 

 

“I am God:”

Genesis 17:1, 35:11, 46:3, 10, 50:7; Isaiah 43:12


“Son of God”

Luke 1:32, 35, 14:33; John 1:14, 10:36, etc.

It’s remarkable that most Christians believe that Jesus is equal to the Father, yet He never claimed to be God [1]. While Jesus was a god or divine [2], when the rich young man called Jesus, “good teacher,” Jesus quickly transferred this praise back to the Father who is greater: “And Jesus said to him, “Why do you call me good? No one is good except God alone” (Mark 10:18). Jesus calls His Father “God alone” because there are many good and evil gods in the Bible (good gods: angels, judges Moses, etc.; bad gods: satan, idols, etc.). There is only one God (absolute sense) who is His God and Father (John 17:3).

[1] In John 10:34-35, Jesus defended Himself against the false charge of blasphemy by appealing to   the existence of other gods (Psalm 82). While not stated explicitly, implicitly Jesus is justifying  his existence as “a God.”

[2] In John 1:1, both God the Father and the Word are called “God.” However, Trinitarian Bible versions purposefully mistranslated this verse (or omit a footnote with an explanation). John 1:1 includes three clauses: 1. “In the beginning was the word”; 2. “and the word was with God”; 3. “and the word  was God.” The second clause in the Greek, has the direct article “the” before God (the Father): “the Word" [Jesus] was “with [the] God.” Note: the article “the” is found in the Greek and omitted in  En-glish versions. Because this is an important inspired distinction, at least a footnote should be     present in modern Bible versions. This is because in the third clause, the Word (pre-incarnate) is   called “God” (no direct article). 

In his Gospel, John made an important distinction between the Father (“the God”) and Jesus [no direct article] “god.” The omission of the direct article (“the”) for Jesus means that Jesus is “divine” or “a god.” All Trinitarian Bible translations pretend that John also called Jesus “the God” in the ab-solute sense, thereby making the contradiction that Jesus is the same God He was with (“and the Word was God”).

 

 

Characteristic

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

Jesus Christ

 

Can be tempted?

 

 

 

 

Psalm 5:4; James 1:13

 

 



“Son of God”

Luke 1:32, 35, 14:33; John 1:14, 10:36, etc.

Jesus was tempted by satan. If Jesus was/is God (Trinitarian view), it’s incomprehensible and contradictory: “…For God cannot be tempted with evil, and he himself tempts no one” (James 1:1).

 

Characteristic

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

Jesus Christ

 

Can Die?

 

 

 

God is Immortal:

1 Timothy 4:17, 6:16; Romans 1:23



Romans 5:8, etc.

God (Yahweh) cannot die: “who alone has immortality, who dwells in unapproachable light, whom no one has ever seen or can see. To him be honor and eternal dominion. Amen” (1 Timothy 6:16). See also 1 Timothy 1:17 and Romans 1:23.

Jesus died 100%. If Jesus didn’t die, he didn’t rise from the grave. If Jesus didn’t die, we are still dead in our sins. But since Jesus died, he was mortal and therefore was not the “alone” God who “has immortality” (1 Timothy 6:16).

 

Characteristic

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

Jesus Christ

 

The One God of Monotheism?

 

 

 

Deuteronomy 6:4-9; Mark 12:29; 1 Corinthians 8:4-6; John 17:3.

 

 

The true meaning of monotheism is the belief that God the Father (Yahweh) is the one true God. Monotheism is the core component of the Shema: “4 “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one” (Deuteronomy 6:4). The word “one” means one, not two or three gods. Jesus taught that the Father was the one true God (never Himself):

29 The most important is, ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. 30 And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’ 31 The second is this: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.”  32 And the scribe said to him, “You are right, Teacher. You have truly said that he is one, and there is no other besides him. 33 And to love him with all the heart and with all the understanding and with all the strength, and to love one’s neighbor as oneself, is much more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.” 34 And when Jesus saw that he answered wisely, he said to him, “You are not far from the kingdom of God” (Mark 12:29-34). For other affirmations from Jesus of monotheism, see John 5:44, 17:3 and Mark 10:18. Paul also affirmed that the one God was only the Father: Romans 3:30; 1 Corinthians 8:4-6; Galatians 3:20.

 

Characteristic

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

Jesus Christ

 

Is mediator?

 

 

He is God! 

1 Timothy 2:5

For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus” (1 Timothy 2:5).

Because of God’s greatness, He has a mediator. The one God is the Father. Jesus is never the “one God” in the Bible.

 

Characteristic

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

Jesus Christ

 

Seen by Men? 

  

Because of Yahweh’s exceeding greatness, no human can see Him in the flesh and live (John 6:46; Colossians 1:15; 1 Timothy 6:16; 1 John 4:12;).

 

Characteristic

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

Jesus Christ

 

Created Universe?

 

 

Genesis 1:1; Acts 17:24, etc. 

Agent

Colossians 1:16; John 1:3; Hebrews 1:2

Most passages describe God (the Father) as creator of the universe (Genesis 1:1, 1-2; Job 38:4; Psalm 33:6; Proverbs 3:19; Jeremiah 32:17; Acts 17:24; Revelation 10:6, etc.). Some even testify that God created the world alone (Isaiah 44:24; Nehemiah 9:6, etc.). Other passages describe Jesus as creator.

This is not a contradiction. The passages that place Jesus at creation indicate He was an agent of God. That is, the world was created indirectly (through) Him: “3 All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made” (John 1:3). “10 He was in the world, and the world was made through him, yet the world did not know him” (John 1:10). “…and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we exist” (1 Corinthians 8:6b). “16 For by [1] him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him” (Colossians 1:16). “2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world” (Hebrews 1:2).

 [1] While the word “by” is used here in most translations, the summary of this verse (same verse)   states, “all things were created through him and for him.” Also, the word “by” at the beginning of  the verse has a range of meaning to include “in connection with” (A Greek–English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, 3rd edition,327-328).

 

Characteristic

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

Jesus Christ

 

Called YAHWEH?

 

The doctrine of the Trinity teaches that Jesus is not the Father. Yet Trinitarians often teach that Jesus is Yahweh. But Jesus never, ever claimed to be the Father. There are known heresies that teach that God and Jesus are the same person, notably Oneness and Modalism.

 

Characteristic

 

God the Father (Yahweh)

 

Jesus Christ

 

Knows all things?

 

 

 

Matthew 24:36; Mark 13:32

Jesus never claimed to know everything. He didn’t know when He would return back to earth (Matthew 24:36). Because the Father is God (absolute sense), He knows all things.

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1 Comment

  1. Jake

    Absolutely brilliant – these columns and the red and green buttons are a good idea!

    Thanks very much for this work!

    Reply

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